Hardware Products Blog

Ted White

Recent Posts

A Twist in the Tale – Springs that Take a Set

Posted by Ted White on Mar 15, 2018 3:36PM

Torsional Modulus and How it Affects the Stability of Springs

In a well-designed spring, torsional movement can occur 10 million times without causing any deformation to the spring. However, if there isn’t enough room to design a spring with enough steel in it, the twisting motion becomes more severe and the wire may not return to its original position. When this happens, we refer to this occurrence as “the spring took a set”.

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Topics: Spring Manufacturing, Custom Springs

Solid Height on a Compression Spring

Posted by Ted White on Mar 15, 2018 3:34PM

When Is a Spring Said to Be at “Solid Height”?

Used in a vast variety of machinery from simple mowers to advanced spacecraft, the purpose of a compression spring is to resist linear force through compression when a weight is applied to it either at the top or at the bottom of it. It is engineered to have a certain number of coils to provide the desired spring rate (see spring rate 101). And it is because of this number that the coils of the spring can only deflect so far before all of them start overlapping or touching each other. When all the coils are touching each other the spring is said to be at “solid height”.

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Topics: Compression Springs

The Role of Deflection and the Phenomenon of Work Hardening of Steel

Posted by Ted White on Feb 28, 2018 11:2AM

Understanding the Process of Deflection Using a Tin Foil

Consider a tin foil that you’d cover a roast with. When you first use that tin foil, it is supple and conforms to the container you are trying to wrap. However, as you unwrap the foil to slice off a piece of the meat and then try to re-wrap the container, the foil is a little less supple than before. The portion of the foil that hardens is the portion of the tin foil that is being used or “deflected” the most. Eventually after repeated use, the tin foil will actually become harder and harder until it rips or breaks.

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Topics: Steel Spring Manufacturing, Steel Spring

Active vs. Total Coils: Are You Counting Coils Correctly?

Posted by Ted White on Aug 18, 2017 3:18PM

The Concept of Counting Coils on Different Types of Springs

Counting coils, especially the number of active coils versus the number of total coils, remains to be one of the most misinterpreted concepts of spring manufacturing. Despite being the simplest feature to measure, the process of counting coils has resulted in a surprising number of errors in drawings and in new product development.

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Topics: Counting Coils

Spring Rate 101 – A Simple Guide to Understanding Spring Rates

Posted by Ted White on May 30, 2017 1:1PM

Is There Such a Thing as a “Constant” Spring Rate?

If you’re in the business of buying springs, you are bound to deal with ‘spring rates’. The concept can be tricky to understand if you aren’t a physicist or a spring maker yourself. The force that a spring exerts is static as it stretches and compresses, and is a constant rate until its elastic limit is reached. This theory is called Hooke’s Law and we are going to break it down into simpler terms without transporting you back to a physics class.

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Topics: Spring Manufacturing

The Evolution of Spring Design

Posted by Ted White on May 2, 2017 2:54PM

When Was the Last Time You Heard Someone Say “Slide Rule”?

Spring design is often considered an elusive task even though springs are used in virtually every machine there is, and clips made of spring tempered wire are used in almost all computers and electronic cabinets. So what makes spring design so tricky?

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Topics: Spring Manufacturing, Spring Design

The Story Behind America’s Oldest and Best-Designed Stock Spring Line

Posted by Ted White on Apr 19, 2017 11:12AM

From Agricultural Equipment to Rocket Ships – HPC’s Stock Springs are Everywhere!

Having recently celebrated our 150th anniversary, Hardware Products is one of the oldest spring companies in the country. We also have one of the oldest stock spring lines in the country that has often been lauded as the best-designed stock spring line in existence!

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Topics: Stock Springs

Why Are Hot Wound Springs Hard to Source

Posted by Ted White on Apr 12, 2017 12:42PM

Pro Tip: Avoid Made-to-Order and Switch to Hot Wound Stock Springs

Known as one of the most labor intensive spring manufacturing processes in the market, hot wound is a process used in manufacturing a spring by heating the steel, winding, and tempering it to the required properties. Hot wound springs can be hard to source depending on your order specifications, urgency, and budget constraints.

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Topics: Spring Manufacturing, Hot Wound Springs

The Problem with Ordering 10 Compression Springs from a Long-Run Spring House

Posted by Ted White on Feb 15, 2017 1:19PM

Hardware Products Company Is Your One-Stop Shop for Springs

Aside from the fact that a long-run spring house might refuse to take your order because they aren’t set up for the short run, there’s also the possibility that you will end up paying substantially more, and you might not receive your order in time. All because it’s simply not viable for most long-run spring houses to cater to short runs.

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Topics: Spring Manufacturing

The Use of Passivated Custom Springs in the Food Industry

Posted by Ted White on Nov 21, 2016 2:29PM

Passivation and Citric Acid Cleaning

Passivation is one of the more misunderstood functions of spring manufacturing. Passivation is a process: a spring (after it is formed) is cleaned, dropped in nitric acid, and then dropped in water. The process is intended to remove any of the contaminants picked up during the manufacturing process. This is especially required in custom springs that are manufactured to be used in the food industry.

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Topics: Spring Manufacturing